let us untie the knots
There are three basic principles of pedagogy or Educational Methodology- Near to Far, Known to unknown and subtle to gross. The student should be provided education about what is close to him, before imparting the education about matters related to the distant. The range has to be gradually increased in this order and finally we can reach the level of the entire creation and the universe. Second principle is that the spectrum of the knowledge from the unknown to the known should be used as a basis for the gradual acquisition of the knowledge. The third principle of education is to proceed from the subtle to the gross. These basic principles are not being followed in the present system of education. This is the cause of the education becoming dry, weary and complicated. We can not develop sukshm pragya [subtle insight] by teaching the laws of the gross, materialistic world. It will become easy for us to understand the characteristics of the gross after assimilating the subtle thoughts and their subsequent reflections and discussions.
Bhagwan Sri Krishna elucidates this method in the Bhagwad-Geeta. He challenges the Kshatriya Dharma of Arjuna, for impugning the grieved state of Arjuna. He touches the topic which is closest to the heart of Arjuna and advises him, not to succumb to the state of unmanliness as it does not befit you. Sri Krishna refers to topics like Swarga [heaven] and Kirti [reputation] and admonishes Arjuna for his unheavenly and disgraceful behaviour. It meant that the action of Arjuna would keep him away from heaven as well bring ignominy to him. Due to the onslaught on his grief struck mind, Arjuna recognizes the cowardice brewing in his mind. As a result of the parochial nature of his mental state, he could detect the sorrow and cowardice overwhelming his mind. Earlier in the first chapter Arjuna not only supports his escapism but also ennobles it. He justifies it being in accordance with Dharma. The intellectual hypocrisy of Arjuna crumbles after the assailing treatment by Sri Krishna and his mind craves for the acceptance of the truth. The first step in the direction of disciplehood is the readiness of the mind to accept the truth. “कार्पण्यदोषोपहतस्वभावः पृच्छामि त्वां धर्मसंमूढचेताः ||” The mind which has become afflicted with the guilt consciousness of cowardice gets deluded about what is Dharma and what is adharma. I cannot understand the difference between the two and so I am asking you’.
The voice which always points out our flaws, is eternally alive within us. It always points out all our weaknesses. However we ignore it as we are overwhelmed with our conceit. The mind gradually gets into the habit of justifying all our inanities and ennobling our habits. It develops into a psychological complex and gradually evolves as our ‘alter ego’. If any friend or well wisher brings that to our attention, we feel insulted. The mind cannot accept any exhortation as long as that knot is not untied. We have to untie our knots in the presence of the Guru. The Guru introduces us to our knots. But we only have to loosen and untie them. An experiment in the form of a game played by children in the camps, makes this matter clear. A child is told to close his fist, while another is told to open it. In spite of trying very hard, the child can not open the fists of the other person. Then the instructor says that he would utter a mantra and the fist would get opened. The teacher says something in the ear of the student and his fist gets opened in the very next attempt. Everyone gets surprised as to what mantra it is. The mantra given by the teacher is simply that ‘ When he tries to open your fist, you open it’.
The lesson conveyed through the game is that as long we do not desire, no other person can open our fist. The knots of the mind are like that. They cannot be opened by the efforts of some other person. They have to be opened very gently by us. After Arjuna becomes the disciple of Lord Krishna, he is blessed with the vision of his Universal form, which is the subtlest knowledge in the world. The message of the Geeta starts with the immortality of the Self while its final objective was to inspire Arjuna for performing his Karma and duties. Sri Krishna commences his elucidation about the immortal, eternal self so that Arjuna acquires the knowledge of the most gross duty related to the battlefield. This is the best method of teaching. Nowadays we have regarded the subtlest knowledge as belonging to the domain of spiritualism and are distancing education from it. The syllabi have become completely mundane, in the name of practicality. But efficient behaviour is possible only after understanding the subtlest knowledge.
Arjuna was not ready to proceed on the path of his duty even after listening to the logical exhortations about Gyan [knowledge], Bhakti [devotion], Karma [action] and the highly sublime Raja Yoga. He asks numerous questions which are beautifully answered by Lord Krishna but finds himself incapable of forsaking his attachment. Then Lord Krishna blesses him with a vision of his cosmic form. Only the vision of his cosmic form will dispel all the doubts. This is the final knowledge. The Geeta gives the true message of the dedication to the Virata [cosmic form]. Arjuna gets not only confounded but also terrified by this cosmic vision. Arjuna, with folded hands tells Sri Krishna, ”I used to regard you as my friend and due to the lack of knowledge, did not behave properly with you”. This friendly affinity was in fact the foundation of Arjuna’s disciplehood. Krishna is our friend also. When we recognize him as our friend, he blesses us with a vision of his cosmic form. We shall be able to discern the sacredness present in each particle and the immanent divinity in every creature. This will enable us to march fearlessly on the path of our duty.
Come, let us untie the knots of our mind and become the disciple as well as the friend of Lord Krishna.
अभी तक कोई टिप्पणी नहीं ।